Issues specific to urban and rural contexts, including migration, environment, economics, food systems, and property rights.

Principal Investigator: Robert Adrian Hope. Lead Organisation: University of Oxford

Co-investigators: Peter Harvey; Timothy Ross Foster

School children in Honduras
This project will examine a number of questions regarding factors to support effective teaching in poor, rural communities in Honduras. The research will also provide a unique opportunity to develop improved measures of educational quality and adolescent girls' empowerment.
The role of the urban informal economy in poverty-reduction and peace-building in five post-conflict cities with different experiences: institutional struggles for state control, economic conflict over control of resources, social/political control and emergent governance.
credit: Martin Prowse
This research evaluated the addition of gender-specific elements within existing contract farming operations in Malawi and Tanzania. It assessed whether gender-specific clauses increase the benefits smallholders and firms accrue from the relationship.
This research will investigate impact of urban-rural return migration on rural economic development in China and how results are transferable to China's neighbouring country, Vietnam.

Principal investigators: Vanessa Watson. Lead Organisation: University of Cape Town

Co-investigators: Jane Battersby; Susan Marion Parnell; Warren Michael Smit; Jonathan Crush

Motorcycle Taxi
This study aims to understand the impact that motorbike navigable track/trail construction from farmstead to village/road/market has on lifting smallholder farmers out of poverty by reducing costs to produce for markets.

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