Issues specific to urban and rural contexts, including migration, environment, economics, food systems, and property rights.

Small-scale communities in the border regions of Southern Senegal, Western Mali and Eastern Guinea have developed longstanding strategies allowing them to adapt to recurrent deep changes in political structure and social stratification that are typical of Frontier societies.

Examining the energy practices of very poor women, men and young people living in informal settlements in peri-urban situations in Nigeria, South Sudan, Nepal and Bangladesh and how these are changing, drawing comparative lessons.
Principal Investigator: Cecilia Tacoli. Lead Organisation: International Institute for Env and Dev
 
Co-investigators: Somsook Boonyabancha; Anna Maria Walnycki; Alice Marin Sverdlik; David Satterthwaite
 
Urbanisation in low-income nations presents both opportunities and immense challenges.

Rapid changes in the natural, social, and economic environment are occurring in Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley, as part of a state-led development vision of repositioning the region as a major sugar exporter. At the same time, these changes raise risks of environmental degradation, and the emergence of new kinds of inequality and conflict.

Traffic jam, Dhaka, Bangladesh
This project seeks to incorporate migrant perspectives and sources of innovation into urban planning to build safer and more sustainable cities, addressing environmental sustainability, poverty, and conflict and security.
Group photograph of displaced people affected by flooding in Beletweyne, Somalia.

This research project addresses the nexus of poverty, environmental sustainability and conflict in Somalia from the perspective of the most vulnerable in-migrants to cities, people who were internally displaced (IDPs). The interplay between violent conflict and droughts is described as one of the main drivers of internal displacement in Somalia, but rapid in-migration to cities further increases pressures on the urban and rural environment.

Effective community-based management of common pool resources (CPR) in contexts facing environmental degradation and social conflict is urgently required to sustainably move people worldwide towards a decent level of human well-being, as sought in the Sustainable Development Goals. In the seasonally dry tropics, water stored in reservoirs.

Unrest in Nigeria. Charred vehicle remains after a bomb blast at Terminus market in Jos.
This mixed-methods research aims to bring together key development concerns related to sustainable livelihoods, social vulnerability, and poverty to build an alternative account of 'insecurity and crime' in African cities.
Pastoralists in the Afar Region, Ethiopia
Principal Investigator: Paul Hutchings. Lead Organisation: Cranfield University.
 
Co-Investigators: Barbara C. Van Koppen (International Water Management Institute IWMI); Alison Parker (Cranfield University); Bethel Gebremedhin (International Rescue Committee, IRC)

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