Health in developing countries, including resources on issues such as: infectious diseases; NCDs; injury and violence; maternal, newborn and child health; and nutrition.

Principal Investigator: Catherine Dolan. Lead Organisation: School of Oriental and African Studies

Co-investigators: Paul Montgomery; Linda Marie Scott; Caitlin Ryus

TB remains the single biggest killer of adults in the world - someone dies of TB every 15 seconds, nearly all in developing countries. TB particularly affects the poor. TB is a highly stigmatised disease - that is, TB patients are despised and shunned by the public. This adversely affects their lives, leading to isolation and depression, and limits their access to diagnosis and treatment. Up until now, the causes of this stigma and discrimination have not been properly studied.

Image source: flickr/directrelief
Data were used to assess how the impacts of disasters in Bangladesh are related to pre-disaster health levels and the extent to which the period of recovery is related to this, and to health security as part of disaster risk reduction and its role in sustainable livelihoods.

The Impact of Development on Violent Nature

It is well established that development impacts on disaster outcomes and our coping with extreme and uncertain natural hazards. Evidence includes through data available from the annual Human Development Reports of the United Nations Development Programme and the World Disasters Reports of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC). The data shows that whilst deaths are generally highest in countries with low human development indices, numbers affected are significantly higher in those with medium development indices.

Cyclone disaster vulnerability and response experiences in coastal Bangladesh

For generations, cyclones and tidal surges have frequently devastated lives and property in coastal and island Bangladesh. This study explores vulnerability to cyclone hazards using firsthand coping recollections from prior to, during and after these events. Qualitative field data suggest that, beyond extreme cyclone forces, localised vulnerability is defined in terms of response processes, infrastructure, socially uneven exposure, settlement development patterns, and livelihoods. Prior to cyclones, religious activities increase and people try to save food and valuable possessions.

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