Issues specific to urban and rural contexts, including migration, environment, economics, food systems, and property rights.


Community management of handpumps has been the accepted mode of thinking for rural water supply over three decades in Africa. However, despite billions invested in rural handpumps one in three handpumps do not work in rural Africa. This represents a huge wasted investment and is associated with high but avoidable health, welfare and livelihood costs. Encouragingly, the risk of handpump breakdown bears all the hallmarks of an insurable risk.

School children in Honduras
This project will examine a number of questions regarding factors to support effective teaching in poor, rural communities in Honduras. The research will also provide a unique opportunity to develop improved measures of educational quality and adolescent girls' empowerment.
The role of the urban informal economy in poverty-reduction and peace-building in five post-conflict cities with different experiences: institutional struggles for state control, economic conflict over control of resources, social/political control and emergent governance.
credit: Martin Prowse
This research evaluated the addition of gender-specific elements within existing contract farming operations in Malawi and Tanzania. It assessed whether gender-specific clauses increase the benefits smallholders and firms accrue from the relationship.
This research will investigate impact of urban-rural return migration on rural economic development in China and how results are transferable to China's neighbouring country, Vietnam.

Urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa are growing rapidly. While there has been considerable attention paid to the challenges of African mega-cities, the experiences of smaller urban areas have been relatively neglected. Secondary cities, with populations of less than half a million, are absorbing two-thirds of all urban population growth in Africa.

Motorcycle Taxi
This study aims to understand the impact that motorbike navigable track/trail construction from farmstead to village/road/market has on lifting smallholder farmers out of poverty by reducing costs to produce for markets.

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