Agency and Governance in Contexts of Civil Conflict

Research Partners:

Institute of Development Studies
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Violent conflict results in enduring constraints to development. However, violence has an instrumental role beyond destruction. It is used strategically by political actors to promote social transformation. One way transformation takes place is through the emergence of local governance structures in places where the government is absent or heavily contested. These structures will affect significantly the living conditions of local populations. Yet understanding of these impacts is very limited. The main purpose of this project is to analyse how the relationship between populations living in areas of conflict and armed non-state actors controlling or contesting those areas results in forms of local governance and order, and how these in turn affect the access to and effectiveness of livelihoods. The study is based on comparative qualitative and quantitative empirical work in Colombia, India, Lebanon, Niger and South Africa. Improving the understanding of these forms of governance and order has important implications. Theoretically, it provides important micro foundations to understand the duration and termination of violent conflict. At the policy level, understanding how different actors operate and influence local conflict dynamics is important for creating the space for interventions to engage with a range of actors, views and local realities.

Institute of Development Studies
Patricia Justino
Stathis Kalyvas
Primary theme: 
Themes: 
Grant Reference: 
ES/H033459/1
RES-167-25-0481
Project Status: 
Closed
Grant Category: 
Research Grant
Lead Organisation Department: 
Research Department
Fund Start Date: 
September 1st, 2010
Fund End Date: 
November 30th, 2013
Fund Currency Code: 
GBP
Fund Value: 
444398
access-to-public-goods
agency
armed-non-state-actors
authority
behaviour-of-armed-groups
behaviour-of-local-populations
civil-war
collaboration
Conflict
economic-activities
gangs-paramilitaries
governance
informal-institutions
institutional-change
livelihood-strategies
Mafia
militias
order
organized-violence-in-urban-settings
patronage
power
rebellion
resistance
security
social-and-political-networks
social-order
socio-economic-status