Kenya, Africa

Principal Investigator: Robert Lloyd Walker. Lead Organisation: University of Oxford

Co-investigator: Sony Pellissery; Grace Bantebya; Lichao Yang; Elaine Chase

TB remains the single biggest killer of adults in the world - someone dies of TB every 15 seconds, nearly all in developing countries. TB particularly affects the poor. TB is a highly stigmatised disease - that is, TB patients are despised and shunned by the public. This adversely affects their lives, leading to isolation and depression, and limits their access to diagnosis and treatment. Up until now, the causes of this stigma and discrimination have not been properly studied.

A colorized scanning electron micrograph of Mycobaterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause TB.
Tuberculosis services were modified in response to the findings from Nepal, Yemen and Ethiopia to promote equitable and increased access to health services for under-served populations, with particular focus on impacts on women.
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