Many investors have responded to recent food price hikes and volatile oil prices by acquiring large tracts of African farmland as a new base from which to supply growing markets. In the process, land uses change and existing populations are often displaced. The livelihood impacts of such investments depend on the terms of land access and institutional arrangements or farming models that structure them. This research investigates three models:
The project in Brazil, China, and India aims to improve the understanding of the links among energy costs and use, the transformation of food supply chains including analysis of horticulture and dairy supply and technologies, and poverty alleviation to formulate policy pathways towards more optimal energy use.
Aiming to provide a policy-relevant answer to the question: how can policy reforms aimed at reducing fishing efforts be implemented without causing millions of resource-poor people to fall deeper into deprivation and food insecurity?