This research project addresses the nexus of poverty, environmental sustainability and conflict in Somalia from the perspective of the most vulnerable in-migrants to cities, people who were internally displaced (IDPs). The interplay between violent conflict and droughts is described as one of the main drivers of internal displacement in Somalia, but rapid in-migration to cities further increases pressures on the urban and rural environment.
Researchers are examining how and why local peace-building efforts succeed in minimising violence in contexts where there are large new investments, focusing on the remote rural areas of Kenya and Sierra Leone, and its impacts on the poor in marginal rural areas.
Over 75 million children around the world are currently out of school, and over half of them live in conflict-affected countries (CACs). The evidence from this project suggests as an international community, we are currently failing in our efforts due to the "stunning lack of evidence" as to what works to promote children's learning in the context of conflict and crisis.
Recent research recognises the importance of political settlements in determining the equitability of development and societal stability. This research on political settlements analyses the different roles that women and men play in determining a given settlement.
The role of the urban informal economy in poverty-reduction and peace-building in five post-conflict cities with different experiences: institutional struggles for state control, economic conflict over control of resources, social/political control and emergent governance.
What political and institutional conditions are associated with effective poverty reduction and development in Liberia post-conflict, and what can domestic and external actors do to promote them?
How does the relationship between populations living in areas of conflict, and armed non-state actors, result in forms of local governance and affect livelihoods? Based on work in Colombia, India, Lebanon, Niger and South Africa.