Agricultural productivity growth increases the incomes of farmers and lowers food prices, benefiting both the rural and urban poor who spend much of their incomes on food. The labour-using green revolution reduced poverty in land scarce, labour abundant Asia, but has not had sustained impacts in SSA, where scarce factor is often labour. Now, herbicide tolerant, genetically modified (GM) white maize, is being adopted by resource-poor smallholders in KwaZulu Natal.
The project aims to examine initiatives which engage with global aspirations to advance gender equality in and through schooling in contexts of poverty in Kenya and South Africa.
Examining the politics of welfare programmes in Africa, i.e. what ‘works’ politically and why, and analysing the political conditions and factors that either favour or impede the implementation of social assistance programmes.
Results from this research changed education policy and practice, particularly in Ghana; and transport policy and practice, shown through the inclusion of children in the Tanzania Draft National Transport Policy Framework.