The sugar cane fields of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa
Land reform remains a key element in efforts to redress South Africa’s legacy of historic injustice, but is an arena of intense debate about the impact of farming scale on agricultural productivity and rural incomes.
Aiming to improve the understanding of the impact of deaths of working-age adults; examine demographic changes and poverty dynamics; and assess the social policy interventions designed to mitigate the impact of the AIDS epidemic.

Principal Investigator: Ben Cousins. Lead Organisation: University of the Western Cape

Co-investigator: Ian Scoones

How does the relationship between populations living in areas of conflict, and armed non-state actors, result in forms of local governance and affect livelihoods? Based on work in Colombia, India, Lebanon, Niger and South Africa.
Markets in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Case studies in four cities with different legal traditions, Dar es Salaam, Ahmedabad, Durban and Dakar, draw on extensive interviews with street traders, local authorities and others, to contribute to improved policy development.
Crossroads Squatter Settlement, Cape Town
This project explores the extent to which policy makers take into account gender and dignity in the process of social security design and implementation, including whether it jeopardises traditional forms of social solidarity for lone mothers.
Group of people in Peru

The collective action of social movements is often said to be one of the most effective strategies that the poor can use in addressing their poverty. However, little is known about: the number, diversity and extent of such movements in particular national contexts; their overall importance in processes of and debates around poverty reduction; and the strategies they use to address the needs of their members. Most research has focussed either on individual or small sets of movements, with less

Principal Investigator: Melanie Jane Walker. Lead Organisation: University of Nottingham

Co-investigator: Monica Jane McLean

Drinks, South Africa.
This explores how the lived relationships between alcohol control, poverty and development in South Africa are manifested among Cape Town's poorest residents and contributes to debates in development studies, geography, urban studies and public health.
Young man with mobile phone in Ghana
Exploring how the rapid expansion of mobile phone usage is impacting on young lives and examines how policy makers can support the positive aspects of change, with studies conducted across Ghana, Malawi and South Africa.

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