Principal Investigator: Paul Collier.
 A boy in a classroom in Pakistan.
Principal Investigator: Asim Ljaz Khwaja. Lead Organisation: Harvard University
 
Co-investigators: Jishnu Davis; Tahir Andrabi
 
Most interventions to improve education in developing countries require spending significant amounts of money on improving the quality of the inputs to the education system.
Outdoor classes in Afghanistan

Disadvantaged children in Low Income Countries (LICs) particularly children with disabilities are increasingly accessing schools, but not learning effectively due to social exclusion within the classroom and poor teaching methods, that perpetuate inequality.

A market stall holder in northern Uganda
The world's poorest people lack capital and skills and toil for others in occupations that others shun. This project examines randomised evaluations of an innovative anti-poverty program which tackles capital and skills constraints at the same time in an effort to encourage occupational change among the world’s poorest women.
This study utilizes household survey data from four African and Asian countries to examine in depth, and on a comparable basis, the evolving nature of female labour supply in low income countries over the past two to three decades, and to analyse the links with poverty reduction.
The role of the urban informal economy in poverty-reduction and peace-building in five post-conflict cities with different experiences: institutional struggles for state control, economic conflict over control of resources, social/political control and emergent governance.
Pupils attending deaf school in Sri Lanka
The research delivers an in-depth understanding of the problems that teachers face supporting students from diverse backgrounds, the teaching practices they adopt, and the kinds of support they need to help all children fulfill their learning potential.

TB remains the single biggest killer of adults in the world - someone dies of TB every 15 seconds, nearly all in developing countries. TB particularly affects the poor. TB is a highly stigmatised disease - that is, TB patients are despised and shunned by the public. This adversely affects their lives, leading to isolation and depression, and limits their access to diagnosis and treatment. Up until now, the causes of this stigma and discrimination have not been properly studied.

Picture: mcandrea licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0
The research examines Amartya Sen's contention that shame is an attribute of poverty in all societies. Shame is believed to reduce a person's agency, the capacity to act constructively, and to increase social exclusion which, in turn, curtail economic development.
Principal Investigator: Sven Wunder. Lead Organisation: Centre for International Forestry Research, CIFOR (Forests and Livelihoods)
 
Co-Investigators: Fiona Jane Chandler (CIFOR); Dana William Sunderlin (CIFOR): Frank Ellis (University of East Anglia); Murray Belcher (CIFOR); Arild Angelsen (CIFOR); Katrina Brown (University of Exeter)
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