The project in Brazil, China, and India aims to improve the understanding of the links among energy costs and use, the transformation of food supply chains including analysis of horticulture and dairy supply and technologies, and poverty alleviation to formulate policy pathways towards more optimal energy use.
Varanasi, India

Poor people’s lack of voice and influence are globally recurring themes their own accounts of their poverty, and are indicative of their wider political disempowerment. This project evaluates attempts to tackle this core element of poverty through local governance reform. Its central research question is: to what extent do participatory initiatives within local governance enhance poor people’s opportunities for political empowerment?

Muslim children in India face lower mortality risks than Hindu children. This is surprising because Muslims have, on average, lower socio-economic status, higher fertility, shorter birth-spacing, lower autonomy amongst women, and are a minority group in India that, in principle, might live in areas that have poorer public provision. This project is motivated by this puzzle.

Life in Jojawar (Rajasthan, India)
India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Act contains transparency mechanisms to ensure that resources and information reach the poor. This project assesses the Act to examine the degree that transparency mechanisms enhance poor people's access to information.
An exploratory qualitative study of three South Asian countries to illuminate how social forms and organisations in health are created, managed and sustained, including key roles in the development of medicine and health services knowledge.

The international market in clothes has undergone radical transformations with the removal of trade barriers, a process that has had highly varied and unexpected consequences for workers' livelihoods. Poorer countries, such as India and China, are often seen to be benefiting from these labour-intensive export industries, but little is known about the changing livelihoods of those employed in booming export industries or about impacts on the surrounding rural populations.

Dharavi clothes factory
This research project examines labour conditions at firm level in Shanghai and Delhi, focusing on the garment and construction sectors and investigating how the working poor in these sectors fared from the global recession to date.

Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has been uneven. Poor and otherwise disadvantaged groups lag behind their more fortunate compatriots for most MDGs.To make things worse, effective interventions are known, but rarely reach those who need them most. Unfortunately, little is known about how to effectively reach poor and otherwise disadvantaged groups, and how to address socio-economic inequalities in mortality.

We know that gender matters for the incidence of poverty, ignorance and disease. In developing countries, boys tend to be favoured in access to schooling and health care. Women earn less than men and women also work longer hours than men. What are not understood so clearly however are the critical factors for determining resource allocation within the home.

Wordled Jeju Declaration from the September 2012 #iucncongress
Researchers will study human development in its many dimensions from early infanthood throughout childhood as well as the policies implemented to target these dimensions to identify mechanisms that underlie the accumulation of human capital.


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