Mother and baby, Ghana photo by directrelief on flickr
The aim of this project is to quantify the spatial links between poverty and poor utilisation of maternal health services in Ghana. This project builds on previous work in a range of African countries which showed that individual and community characteristics alone do not go far towards explaining service use at childbirth, especially in West African countries

It is proposed to evaluate how access to micro-finance and processes of formalisation can impact on poverty by investigating two policies in Ghana and Tanzania. The first is the expansion of micro-credit services into randomly selected communities by several partner NGOs. The second is the implications of a process of formalising business structures currently underway in Tanzania.

Fish, Sri Lanka.
Aiming to provide a policy-relevant answer to the question: how can policy reforms aimed at reducing fishing efforts be implemented without causing millions of resource-poor people to fall deeper into deprivation and food insecurity?
Results from this research changed education policy and practice, particularly in Ghana; and transport policy and practice, shown through the inclusion of children in the Tanzania Draft National Transport Policy Framework.

On a planet in which all countries and sectors are increasingly interconnected, climate change affects people and societies around the world, at all levels. Responding to the long term, complex impacts of climate change presents a governance challenge at global level. Without equitable and accountable structures and processes of policy and decision making it will not be possible to achieve a global response to climate change, or to ensure the sustainability of economic development.

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Many investors have responded to recent food price hikes and volatile oil prices by acquiring large tracts of African farmland as a new base from which to supply growing markets. In the process, land uses change and existing populations are often displaced. The livelihood impacts of such investments depend on the terms of land access and institutional arrangements or farming models that structure them. This research investigates three models:

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