Urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa are growing rapidly. While there has been considerable attention paid to the challenges of African mega-cities, the experiences of smaller urban areas have been relatively neglected. Secondary cities, with populations of less than half a million, are absorbing two-thirds of all urban population growth in Africa.
The University of Birmingham (UoB) and Sightsavers International invited researchers and academics from leading institutions working in the areas of early childhood development and education (ECDE) and special educational needs and disability (SEND), educational psychology, applied anthropology, and epidemiology in Malawi, the UK and the USA to co-design and conduct an innovative three-year study.
Building upon a successful mobile phone-based education pilot program in Niger (Aker et al 2012), this research will assess the impact of a mobile phone-based adult education program in Niger in an expanded population.
Youth poverty is important, not least because of its implications for the future, yet rural youth poverty in particular has received little attention from researchers or policy makers. The recent innovation in policy responses to poverty in sub-Saharan Africa has been social cash transfer (SCT) schemes.
Land reform remains a key element in efforts to redress South Africa’s legacy of historic injustice, but is an arena of intense debate about the impact of farming scale on agricultural productivity and rural incomes.
The research, which is being conducted in Ghana, will inform an evaluation of two closely related policy questions: firstly, how any expansion of education should be effected; and secondly, how this expansion should be funded.
Results from this research changed education policy and practice, particularly in Ghana; and transport policy and practice, shown through the inclusion of children in the Tanzania Draft National Transport Policy Framework.