Rapid changes in the natural, social, and economic environment are occurring in Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley, as part of a state-led development vision of repositioning the region as a major sugar exporter. At the same time, these changes raise risks of environmental degradation, and the emergence of new kinds of inequality and conflict.

Food systems have enormous implications for human health and wellbeing and planetary health. They involve a complex set of factors from farm to table. A greater understanding of the effects of food systems on nutrition, health, poverty, and the environment is necessary to inform the development of optimal food systems that can improve human nutrition and health, promote sustainable environments, and support livelihoods.

Pastoralists are farmers who raise livestock, and move their herds in search of fresh pasture and water supplies. There are 12 million in Ethiopia and they are often in extreme poverty. Unfortunately the pastures they use are disputed and they often come into conflict with other land users. The changing climate is altering resource availability and this can make the conflicts worse. The government is trying to persuade them to diversify their farming activities and grow arable crops as well.

The overall aim of the research is to generate new knowledge about how marginalised youth perceive, navigate, negotiate and respond to uncertainty in impoverished fragile and conflict affected communities in Ethiopia and Nepal.
Student Yosef Yebas writes on the blackboard at Hidassie School. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Investigates how pedagogy for STEM subjects in Ethiopia can be transformed using dialogical discourse, and the effects this generates in improved student learning and attitudes.
Workers in the Wool Tex Sweaters Limited in Shewrapara, Dhaka in Bangladesh
This study utilizes household survey data from four African and Asian countries to examine in depth, and on a comparable basis, the evolving nature of female labour supply in low income countries over the past two to three decades, and to analyse the links with poverty reduction.
Ethiopia 2009
Exploring the relationship between parliament, parliamentarians and the public, this project aims to investigate the extent to which poverty reduction depends on an effective parliament with MPs engaging with the public.

'Getting to Zero' extreme poverty involves ensuring that the policies, institutions and politics are right for the poorest people to escape poverty. As the reduction in the global number of people in poverty illustrates, there are widespread stories of success. We know much about how, and why, some households escape poverty and others do not.

Patient with tuberculosis, Ethiopia
Proactive community approaches including house-to-house visits combined with health education have been shown to increase tuberculosis case detection. This project seeks ways of building capacity and improving knowledge transfer, changing lives in Ethiopia with impact lessons for other countries.
A colorized scanning electron micrograph of Mycobaterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause TB.
Tuberculosis services were modified in response to the findings from Nepal, Yemen and Ethiopia to promote equitable and increased access to health services for under-served populations, with particular focus on impacts on women.

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